Saturday, 28 May 2016

Clean Drinking Water

Endemic fluorosis related with the presence of fluoride in water is a public health problem in most of the Indian States. Groundwater forms a major source of drinking water in urban as well as rural areas. More than 90% of the rural population uses groundwater for domestic purposes.

Since, quality of public health depends on the quality of drinking water, therefore, an attempt has been made to collect in-depth information about the fluoride content in surface, subsurface and thermal water from a cross section of the localities from different States covering the entire India and discuss the results in the paper.
Reverse Osmosis (RO) Plant in rural Karnataka
It is unfortunate that millions of people in India have no access to safe drinking water and consumes the water easily accessible to them without knowing the ill affects of such consumption. The fluoride content data in water belonging to nine different States which covers almost the entire country reveal an elevated concentration as high as 20 ppm which is much more higher than the permissible limits of 1.5 ppm set forth by the WHO for safe drinking water.

The probable sources of high fluoride in the water, its ill affects leading to fluorosis disease and other related health hazards, if consumed by human beings and certain necessary steps to reduce the high fluoride concentration to the level of safe consumable limits are discussed in the paper.


Endemic fluorosis is a public health problem in India. Around 25 million people of 150 Districts are affected by this disease (Survey report – Rajiv Gandhi National Drinking Water Mission, 1993). Medical advice recommends the drinking water should not contain more than 1.5 ppm of fluoride (WHO, 1994). Concentration of fluoride below 1.5 ppm are helpful in prevention of tooth decay, and such level of fluoride also assists in the development of perfect bone structure in human and animals.
Legs are bent from fluorosis

However, doses of fluoride above 1.5 ppm increases the severity of tooth mottling and induces the prevalence of osteoporosis and collapsed vertebrae. The disease resulting from excessive consumption of fluoride. Fluorosis has no treatment and is considered to be deadly disease.

Symptoms of fluorosis

Dental fluorosis, which is characterized by discoloured, blackened, mottled or chalky-white teeth, is a clear indication of overexposure to fluoride during childhood when the teeth were developing.
These effects are not apparent if the teeth were already fully grown prior to the fluoride overexposure; therefore, the fact that an adult may show no signs of dental fluorosis does not necessarily mean that his or her fluoride intake is within the safety limit.

Teeth affected by dental fluorosis
Chronic intake of excessive fluoride can lead to the severe and permanent bone and joint deformations of skeletal fluorosis. Early symptoms include sporadic pain and stiffness of joints, headache, stomach-ache and muscle weakness can also be warning signs.

The next stage is osteosclerosis (hardening and calcifying of the bones), and finally the spine, major joints, muscles and nervous system are damaged.  Whether dental or skeletal, fluorosis is irreversible and no treatment exists. The only remedy is prevention, by keeping fluoride intake within safe limits.

In general, These projects reach populations who are underserved or who have limited or no access to clean drinking water. The program funds high-quality, sustainable projects that deliver clean drinking water, develop infrastructure, train personnel and/or provide rehabilitation and education in underserved communities.

You could start Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) Initiatives for your Company in association with us. Such developmental projects will make CSR contribution targeted, making them simple to execute as turnkey CSR projects. ‘Promoting healthcare and Rural Developmental Projects’ is an area identified under schedule VII of the Companies Act 2013 that is eligible to receive CSR funding either directly or through an implementing agency that has a track record.

For CSR partnership,
Write to Trinity Care Foundation –  or
Call Dr. Thomas +91 9880394959 or Mr.Binu +91 9880358888

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